Alan Garcia Biography

Alan Garcia

Quick Facts Of Alan Garcia

Celebrated Name Alan Garcia
Age 70 Years
Nick Name Alan
Birth Name Alan Gabriel Ludwig Garcia Perez
Birth Date 1949-05-23
Gender Male
Profession Politician
Spouse Pilar Nores de García (m. 1983), Carla Buscaglia (m. 1973–1980)
Partner Roxanne Cheesman
Birth Nation Lima, Peru
Place Of Birth Lima, Peru
Weight 243 lb / 110 kg
Height 6 ft 5 in / 193 cm
Ethnicity White
Nationality Peruvian
Eye Color Brown
Hair Color Dark brown

Alan Gabriel Ludwig Garcia Perez popularly known as Alan Garcia was a Peruvian politician. He served as the President of Peru twice from 1985 to 1990 and from 2006 to 2011. He was the second leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party and the only party member ever to have served as President. He shot himself on 17 April 2019 ahead of his arrest over matters relating to the Odebrecht scandal. He died hours later on the same day at the age of 69. 

Two Times Peruvian President Alan Garcia Kills Himself Before Arrest

Ex-President of Peru, Alan Garcia shot and killed himself on 17 April 2019. He shot himself before his preliminary arrest warrant related to investigations for corruption and bribes. He was allegedly paid US$100,000 by Brazilian construction corporation referred to as Odebrecht scandal to give a speech to Brazilian business leaders in Sao Paulo. He shot himself in the temple while hiding in his bedroom. He was rushed to the hospital where he underwent an emergency surgical procedure where he suffered from cardiac arrest three times. He later died from a "massive" cerebral hemorrhage and cardiorespiratory arrest from his self-inflicted injuries. He served as the President of Peru twice from 1985 to 1990 and from 2006 to 2011.

What is Alan Garcia Famous For?

- Served the President of Peru twice from 1985-1990 and 2006-2011.

- Shot himself and died on 17 April 2019.

Where was Alan Garcia Born?

Alan Garcia was born on 23 May 1949. His birth name is Alan Gabriel Ludwig Garcia Perez. He was born to a father, Carlos Garcia Ronceros, and a mother, Nytha Perez Rojas. His birth place is in Lima in Peru. he holds Peruvian nationality. His father was imprisoned for being a member of the Peruvian Aprista party. Thus, he met his father when he was 5-years old. 

He accompanied his father in party meetings from a very young age. He became acquainted with future leaders of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA), such as Luis Alva Castro and Mercedes Cabanillas. He was already a talented orator at the age of 14 when he first gave a speech in honor of party founder Victor Raul Haya de la Torre.

He enrolled at Pontifical Catholic Univerisity of Peru to study law. He later earned his law degree from the National University of San Marcos in 1971. He moved to Spain, where he studied for a Ph.D. in law. He claimed to have earned a Ph.D. but the university documents later proved he never finished his Ph.D. He then traveled to France with other members of the APRA to study at the prestigious University of Paris I. He earned a degree in sociology. He returned to Peru and was elected a Member of the Assembly. He was assigned to conduct the party's public affairs in the wake of Haya de la Torre's death in 1979. 

He was elected to Congress in 1980. He was elected General Secretary of the Peruvian Aprista Party in 1982. 

He became the President of the Peruvian Aprista Party from July 1985 to December 1988 and from June 2004 to April 2016. 

First Presidency

He acquired 45% votes on the presidential election on 14 April 1985. Since he did not receive 50% of the votes required for a first-round victory, a run-off was scheduled between him and Alfonso Barrantes. Barrantes withdrew from run-off. Thus, Garcia was declared the President of Peru on 1 June. 

He officially took power on 28 July 1985. The APRA party came to power in Peru for the first time in sixty-year history. He was the youngest president at the time and the second youngest president in Peruvian history. 

His first term was marked by a severe economic crisis, social unrest, and violence.

His administration unsuccessfully sought a military solution to the growing terrorism, allegedly committing human rights violations, which are still under investigations. 

According to an official inquiry, an estimated 1,600 forced disappearances took place during his presidency.

He was allegedly tied to the paramilitary Rodrigo Franco Command, which is accused of carrying out political murders in Peru during his presidency. 

His presidency left the country with hyperinflation. 

He was accused of multiple charges of corruption during Alberto Fujimori's government. He remained overseas. 

He went into exile in Colombia in 1992 and later in France. The new government re-opened charges against him for corruption. He denied the charges. 

Following the fall of Fujimori's government, Garcia returned to Peru in 2001 after living eight years and 10 months in neighboring Colombia and in France.

He ran for the presidency in 2001 but he was unsuccessful. He lost to Alejandro Toledo in a run-off election. 

Second Presidency

He ran for 2006 presidency election. He faced Ollanta Humala in a run-off election. He was elected to President of Peru for his second term. He took office on 28 July 2006. 

During his second presidential term, Peru averaged seven percent GDP growth a year due to the increase in global metal prices. 

Peru also held inflation below three percent annually. 

Peru accumulated foreign exchange reserves worth US$47 billion. 

However, according to critics, his tenure also resulted in increased environmental damage and increased social conflict, according to the national human rights ombudsman's office. 

He left office in July 2011.

He sought for third term presidency in 2016. However, he could not make it to the runoff. 

He also resigned from the President of Peruvian Aprista Party in April 2016. 

Author

He was the author of several books on Peruvian and Latin American affairs. His published works include:

1981  A la Inmensa Mayoría: Discursos

1982  El Futuro Diferente

1987  El Desarme Financiero: Pueblo y Deuda en América Latina

1990  La Revolución Regional

1991  La Defensa de Alan García

1992  El Nuevo Totalitarismo

1994  El Mundo de Maquiavelo

1997  La Falsa Modernidad

1997  Siete Tesis Erróneas del Neoliberalismo en América Latina

1999  Mi Gobierno Hizo la Regionalización

2000  La Década Infame: Deuda Externa 1990–1999

2003  Modernidad y Política en el Siglo XXI: Globalización con Justicia Social

2005  Sierra Exportadora: Empleo, Modernidad y Justicia en Los Andes

2011  Contra el Temor Económico: Creer en el Perú

2012  Pida la Palabra: Por la Libertad, la Plenitud y el Exito

2012  Pizarro, el Rey de la Baraja: Política, confusión y dolor en la Conquista

2013  Noventa años de aprismo: Hay, hermanos, muchísimo que hacer

2013  Confucio y la globalización: Comprender China y crecer con ella

Odebrecht Scandal

In May 2012, Peruvian press reported that Garcia was paid US$100,000 to give a speech to Brazilian business leaders in Sao Paulo. The money was later characterized in the media as a kickback from the construction company Odebrecht. Five of his former ministers, Yehude Simon, Rosario Fernandez, Mercedes Cabanillas, Antero Flores Araoz, and Luis Nava, were accused of corruption by the Peruvian justice system in 2016 and 2017. 

The court banned Garcia from leaving Peru in November 2018 as a result of Odebrecht scandal investigation. He entered the residence of the Uruguayan ambassador on 17 November requesting asylum. His request was denied on 3 December and he left the ambassador's residence. The scandal also led to the arrest or requests for the extradition of former presidents Kuczynski, Humala, and Toledo. 

Alan Garcia's Death

Garcia shot himself in the temple while hiding in his bedroom on the morning of 17 April 2019. He was being presented with a preliminary arrest warrant related to investigations for corruption and bribes he allegedly received from a Brazilian construction corporation. He was taken to the hospital where he underwent an emergency surgical procedure where he suffered from cardiac arrest three times. He later died from a "massive" cerebral hemorrhage and cardiorespiratory arrest from his self-inflicted injuries. He died at the age of 69. 

His body was taken in a wooden casket to the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance headquarters in Lima where a memorial service was held on the same day. President Martin Vizcarra declared a three day mourning period. 

Who Was Alan Garcia Married to?

He had one daughter, Carla from his first marriage Carla Buscaglia. His second wife is Pilar Nores. They got married in 1978 and they got divorced in 2010. He had 4 children. He also had another child from his extramarital affair with a woman named Roxanne Cheesman.

Did You Know?

  • He was named 2008 Latin Business Chronicle's "leader of the year".

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