Julian Assange Biography

Julian Assange

Quick Facts Of Julian Assange

Celebrated Name Julian Assange
Age 48 Years
Nick Name Julian
Birth Name Julian Paul Hawkins
Birth Date 1971-07-03
Gender Male
Profession Computer Programmer, Journalist
Place Of Birth Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Nationality Australian and Ecuadorian
Ethnicity White
Horoscope Cancer
Father John Shipton
Mother Christine Ann Hawkins
Education Goolmangar Primary School , Townsville State High School, Central Queensland, University of Melbourne University,
Marital Status Married
Spouse Teresa Doe (m. 1989; div. 1999)
Son Daniel Assange
Height 1.88 m ( 6 feet and 2 inches )
Weight 75 Kg (165 lbs)
Body Build/Type Average
Eye Color Light Brown
Hair Color Grey
Net Worth $1 million (estimated)
Political Inclination Independent
Famous For Founder and director of WikiLeaks

Julian Paul Hawkins popularly known as Julian Assange or Julian Paul Assange is an Australian computer programmer and journalist. He is the founder and director of WikiLeaks. He found WikiLeaks in 2006. He rose to prominence in 2010 when WikiLeaks published a series of leaks including the Collateral Murder video, the Afghanistan war logs, the Iraq war logs, and CableGate. The federal government of the United States launched a criminal investigation into WikiLeaks following the 2010 leaks and asked allied nations for assistance. He had been living in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London under the protection of Ecuador since 2012. He was arrested on 11 April 2019 by the Metropolitan Police Service for breaching his bail conditions in December 2010.

Julian Assange Arrested in London from Ecuador Embassy

Founder and Director of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange was arrested on 11 April 2019 by the Metropolitan Police from Ecuador embassy. Ecuador who provided political asylum to Assange since 2012 granted the Metropolitan Police permission to arrest him. He was arrested for breaching his bail conditions in December 2010. He was avoiding extradition to Sweden over sexual assault case that has since been dropped. 

The Eastern District of Virginia grand jury unsealed an indictment against him on the same day of his arrest charging him with conspiracy to commit computer intrusion. If proven guilty, he would be sentenced to 5-years in prison. 

What is Julian Assange Famous For?

- Founder and director of WikiLeaks.

Where was Julian Assange Born?

Julian Assange was born on 3 July 1971. His birth name is Julian Paul Hawkins. He was born to a father, John Shipton, and a mother, Christine Ann Hawkins. His birth place is in Townsville, Queensland, Australia. He holds Australian and Ecuadorian nationality. His zodiac sign is Cancer. He belongs to White ethnicity. His parents separated before he was born. His mother married Richard Brett Assange when he was a year old. He has lived in over thirty Australian towns and cities by the time he reached his mid-teens. He finally settled with his mother and half-brother in Melbourne, Victoria. 

He attended many schools including Goolmangar Primary School in New South Wales and Townsville State High School. He was homeschooled as well. He studied programming, mathematics, and physics at Central Queensland University and the University of Melbourne. He did not complete his degree. 

Hacking

He started hacking under the name Mendax in 1987. He and two others, known as "Trax" and "Prime Suspect" formed a hacking group called the International Subversives. 

He is believed to be involved in the WANK (Worms Against Nuclear Killers) hack at NASA in 1989. He does not take the credit for WANK hack. 

He was discovered hacking into the Melbourne master terminal of a Canadian multinational telecommunication corporation, Nortel in September 1991.

The Australian Federal Police tapped Assange's phone line and raided his home at the end of October. He was charged with thirty-one counts of hacking and related crimes in 1994. 

He pleaded guilty to 25 charges and the six other charges were dropped. He was ordered to pay reparations of A$2,100 and released on a good behavior bond. 

Programming

He gave technical advice to the Victoria Police Child Exploitation Unit and assisted with prosecutions in 1993. 

He was involved in starting one of the first public Internet service providers in Australia, Suburbia Public Access Network in 1993. 

In 1994, he started programming and in 1995 he started authoring or co-authoring the TCP port scanner Strobe, patches to the open-source database PostgreSQL and the Usenet caching software NNTPCache, both in 1996, the Rubberhose deniable encryption system in 1997, and a command-line interface for web-based search engines, Surfraw in 2000.  

He also moderated the AUCRYPTO forum, ran Best of Security and contributed research to Suelette Dreyfus's Underground during this period. 

He co-founded the company Earthmen Technology in 1998. 

He stated that he registered the domain leaks.org in 1999. He publicizes a patent granted to the National Security Agency in August 1999 for voice-data harvesting technology. 

WikiLeaks

Assange and other established WikiLeaks in 2006. He is the member of the organization's advisory board and describes himself as the editor-in-chief. 

He traveled continuously on WikiLeaks business, visiting Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America from 2007 to 2010. 

WikiLeaks earned international recognition after it published highly secret series of leaks including the Collateral Murder video, the Afghanistan war logs, the Iraq war logs, and Cablegate, supplied by Chelsea Manning.

By 2015, WikiLeaks had published more than 10 million documents and associated analyses. 

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard described his activities as "illegal" but the police said that he had broken no Australian law. United States Vice President Joe Biden and others called him a "terrorist". 

Supports came from people including Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, President of Ecuador Rafael Correa, Russian President Dimitry Medvedev, Britain's Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn, Spain's Podemos party leader Pablo Iglesias, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay, Argentina's ambassador to the UK Alicia Castro, and activists and celebrities including Tariq Ali, John Perry Barlow, Daniel Ellsberg, Mary Kostakidis, John Pilger, Ai Weiwei, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky, Vaughan Smith, and Oliver Stone. 

Assange accepted the Sam Adams Award and the Le Monde readers' choice award for person of the year in 2010. He was runner-up in Time's overall person of the year award in 2010. 

A deal for his autobiography worth at least US$1.3 million. 

Italian edition of Rolling Stone selected him as "rockstar of the year".

He announced that he would run for the Australian Senate in March 2012 under the new WikiLeaks Party, and Cypherpunks was published in November. 

He hosted a television show on the network funded by the Russian government, RT in 2012. 

He analyzed the Kissinger cables held at the US National Archives and released them in searchable form in 2012. 

He won the Sydney Peace Foundation Gold Medal for Peace with Justice in February 2015. It was previously awarded to only three people, Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama, and Buddhist spiritual leader Daisaku Ikeda. 

He filed for the trademark "Julian Assange" in Europe in February 2015. It was to be used for "Public speaking services, news reporter services, journalism, publication of texts other than publicity texts, education services, entertainment services."

He was awarded the Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism in June 2015. Earlier, he won the Amnesty International UK Media Award (New Media) in 2009. 

Political Asylum at the Ecuadorian Embassy

Assange applied for political asylum. He was at the Ecuadorian embassy in London. The Ecuadorian foreign minister, Ricardo Patino announced in June 2012 that Assange had applied for political asylum. He sought asylum because he felt the Australian government abandoned him. 

Patino announced in August 2012 that Ecuador was granting Assange political asylum because of the threat represented by the US secret investigation against him. Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa confirmed on 18 August 2012 that Assange could stay at the embassy indefinitely. Assange gave his first speech from the balcony on 19 August 2012. The Metropolitan Police Service were stationed outside the building from June 2012 to October 2015 in order to arrest Assange if he leaves the embassy. 

He also sought asylum in France. But France denied the asylum. He said in September 2016 that he would agree to US prison in exchange for President Obama granting Chelsea Manning clemency. Obama commuted Manning's sentence on 17 January 2017. He demanded Chelsea be released immediately. Manning was released from prison on 17 May 2017 but did not meet Assange's conditions. He emerged on the embassy's balcony on 19 May 2017 and announced that he would remain inside the embassy in order to avoid extradition to the US. 

Ecuador's president Lenin Moreno stated in April 2019 that Assange had violated the terms of his asylum after photos surfaced on the internet linking Moreno to a corruption scandal. WikiLeaks denied that it had acquired any of the published material and stated that it merely reported on a corruption investigation against More by Ecuador's legislature. WikiLeaks subsequently wrote on Twitter that according to a source within the Ecuadorian government, an agreement had been reached to expel Assange from the Ecuadorian embassy and place him in the custody of UK police.

United States Criminal Investigation

United States authorities started investigating WikiLeaks and Assange personally with a view to prosecuting them under the Espionage Act of 1917. 

An email from an employee of intelligence consultancy Strategic Forecasting, Inc. (Stratfor) leaked in 2012 said, "We have a sealed indictment on Assange." The US government denies the existence of such an indictment. 

Prosecutors in the Chelsea Manning revealed the existence of chat logs between Manning and an alleged WikiLeaks interlocutor they claimed to be Assange in December 2011. Assange denied this stating it "absolute nonsense".

Several government agencies separately examined Assange. Courts documents published in May 2014 suggest that Assange was still under "active and ongoing" investigation at that time. 

Some Snowden documents published in 2014 show that the US government put Assange on the "2010 Manhunting Timeline". They also urged their allies to open criminal investigations into the editor-in-chief of WikiLeaks. In the same documents, there was a proposal by the National Security Agency (NSA) to designate WikiLeaks as a "malicious foreign actor". 

WikiLeaks reported in January 2015 that three members of the organization had received notice from Google that Google had complied with a federal warrant by a US District Court to turn over their emails and metadata on April 2012. 

CIA Director Mike Pompeo called WikiLeaks "a non-state hostile intelligence service often abetted by state actors like Russia" in April 2017.

US official told CNN in April 2017 that they were preparing to file formal charges against Assange. 

US prosecutors accidentally revealed the existence of criminal charges against Assange in an unrelated ongoing sex crime case in the Eastern District of Virginia. 

Swedish Sexual Assault Allegations

Assange visited Sweden in August 2010. He became the subject of sexual assault allegations. Two women alleged Assange sexually assaulted them. The case was initially closed and was told he could leave the country. Special prosecutor re-opened the case in November 2010. Assange denied the allegations. He was interviewed by Swedish prosecutors online in November 2016. The interviews were published online. The Swedish authorities suspended their investigation against Assange in May 2017 claiming they could not expect the Ecuadorian Embassy to communicate reliably with Assange with respect to the case. Chief prosecutor Marianne Ny officially revoked his arrest warrant but said the investigation could still be resumed if Assange visited Sweden before August 2020. 

2019 Arrest

The Metropolitan Police arrested Assange on 11 April 2019. Ecuadorian authorities had invited the Metropolitan Police into the embassy. He was arrested in connection with his failure to surrender to the court in June 2012 for extradition to Sweden. Ecuadorian president Lenin Moreno stated that Ecuador withdrew Assange's asylum after he repeatedly violated international conventions regarding domestic interference. He was found guilty of breaching his bail conditions later that afternoon. 

An indictment against Assange from the grand jury for the Eastern District of Virginia was unsealed on the same day. He was charged with conspiracy to commit computer intrusion. 

Honors and awards

2008 The Economist New Media Award

2009 Amnesty International UK Media Awards

2010 TIME Person of the Year, Reader's Choice

2010 Sam Adams Award

2010 Le Monde Readers' Choice Award for Person of the Year

2011 Free Dacia Award

2011 Sydney Peace Foundation Gold Medal

2011 Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism

2011 Voltaire Award for Free Speech

2012 Big Brother Awards Hero of Privacy

2013 Global Exchange Human Rights Award, People's Choice

2013 Yoko Ono Lennon Courage Award for the Arts

2013 New York Festivals World's Best TV & Films Silver World Medal

2014 Union of Journalists in Kazakhstan Top Prize

2019 Nobel laureate Mairead Maguire nominated Julian Assange for the Nobel Peace Prize. 

Who is Julian Assange Married to?

He first married Teresa Doe in his teens. They got married in 1989. The couple shares a son, Daniel Assange. The couple got divorced in 1999. 

He has stated in an open letter to then-French President Francois Hollande that his youngest child lives in France with his mother.   

What are Julian Assange's Body Measurements?

Julian Assange stands at a height of 1.88 m i.e. 6 feet and 2 inches tall. He has a body weight of 165 lbs i.e. 75 kg. He has an average body build. He has light brown eyes and his hair color is grey. 

What is Julian Assange's Net Worth?

Julian Assange is the founder of WikiLeaks that published confidential documents all around the globe. His net worth is estimated at $1 million. 

Did You Know?

  • He chose Assange as his surname because he regards his step-father, Richard Brett Assange as his father.
  • The surname Assange is a Westernization of the Chinese name Au Sang from a Taiwanese man who married a Torres Strait Islander woman on Thursday Island.
  • His son, Daniel Assange is a software designer.
  • Assange describes WikiLeaks as a giant library of the world's most persecuted documents.
  • He denies WikiLeak's involvement in hacking Hillary Clinton emails during the US presidential election 2016.
  • His book, When Google Met WikiLeaks was published by OR Books in September 2014.

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