Pope Francis Biography

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Pope Francis

Quick Facts Of Pope Francis

Celebrated Name Pope Francis
Age 82 Years
Nick Name Bishop of Rome
Birth Name Jorge Mario Bergoglio
Birth Date 1936-12-17
Gender Male
Profession Pope Francis
Birth Nation Argentina
Place Of Birth Buenos Aires
Nationality Argentine(with Vatican citizenship)
Pope Francis, also known as "Bishop Of Rome", is the first Jesuit pope from America, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, the first to visit the Arabian Peninsula, and the first pope from outside Europe.

Francis was elected as the 266th pope of the "Roman Catholic Church" on March 2013, thus turning to "Pope Francis" from Jorge Mario Bergoglio(birth name). Pope took his papal title after St.Francis of Assisi of Italy.

Pope prior to the election, was named "Person Of The Year", by Times Magazine in 2013. Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State.

WHAT IS POPE FRANCIS FAMOUS FOR?

- Pope Francis is known as the first Jesuit Priest from America.

- He has been characterized for his humility, emphasis on God's mercy, international visibility as Pope, concern for the poor and commitment to interfaith dialogue. 

WHERE WAS POPE FRANCIS BORN?

Pope Francis was born on 17th December 1936 in Buenos Aries of Argentina. His birth name was Jorge Mario Bergoglio. He was born to Italian immigrants Mario Jose Bergoglio(father) and Regina Maria Sivori(mother). He was the eldest of five other siblings; where he is said to be the only living sibling among all.

Pope Francis graduated from a technical school "Escuela Técnica Industrial Hipólito Yrigoyen" as a chemical technician before beginning training at the Diocesan Seminary of Villa Devoto. In March 1958, he entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus.

Francis taught literature and psychology at Immaculate Conception College in Santa Fé in 1964 and 1965 and also taught the same subjects at the Colegio del Salvatore in Buenos Aires in 1966. He studied theology and received a degree from the Colegio of San José from 1967 to 1970, and finished his doctoral thesis in theology in Freiburg, Germany in 1986. Jorge Bergoglio was initially started in media reports to have obtained a Masters degree in Chemistry.

In the only known health crisis of his youth, at the age of 21 he suffered from life-threatening pneumonia and three cysts so, he underwent surgery to remove part of one of his lungs due to serious infection.

Before joining the Jesuits, Bergoglio worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors, and he also ran tests in a chemical laboratory. Bergoglio has been a lifelong supporter of the San Lorenzo de Almagro football club. He is also a fan of the films of Tita Merello, neorealism, and tango dancing, with a fondness for the traditional music of Argentina and Uruguay known as the milonga.

Bergoglio has said that as a young seminarian, he had a crush on a girl he met in the seminar and briefly doubted about continuing the religious career. 

As a Jesuit novice, he studied humanities in Santiago, Chile. At the conclusion of his novitiate in the Society of Jesus, Bergoglio officially became a Jesuit on 12 March 1960, when he made the religious profession of the initial, perpetual vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience of a member of the order.

JOURNEY OF POPE FRANCIS'S TO THE PRIESTHOOD

Bergoglio (Pope Francis) found his vocation to the priesthood while he was on his way to the Spring Day. Pope Francis was ordinated to the priesthood on 13th December 1969. Francis then began serving as Jesuit provincial of Argentina in 1973. He has said that initially, his mother did not support his decision to enter the priesthood, despite the fact that she was a devout Catholic. By the time he was ordained, however, she accepted his calling and asked for his blessing at the end of his ordination ceremony. He later returned to his alma mater,  the Colegio of San José, where he served as rector (1980-86) as well as a professor of theology. 

On 20th May 1992, Bergoglio was named "Titular Bishop of Auca" and "Auxiliary of Buenos Aires", he was ordained into that post a week later. In February 1998, he became "Archbishop of Buenos Aires", succeeding Antonio Quarracino. In 2000, Bergoglio was the only church official to reconcile. In February 2001, he was elevated to cardinal by Pope John Paul II, named the cardinal-priest of Saint Robert Bellarmino. In 2005, he was named the president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina, serving in that position until 2011.

After Pope John Paul II's death on April 2005, Pope Francis, the first Latin American lead the Catholic Church, and also the first Jesuit to do so who was initially considered an unlikely choice when he succeeded Benedict XVI and took on the papacy in 2005.

Bergoglio's major initiatives as archbishop were to increase the Church's presence in the slums of Buenos Aires. Under his leadership, the number of priests assigned to work in the slums doubled. This work led to him being called the "Slum Bishop".

On 13th March 2013, at the age of 76, Jorge Bergoglio was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church—becoming the first citizen from the Americas, the first non-European and first Jesuit priest to be named pope, and adopting the name Pope Francis (he took the title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy). 

Prior to the 2013 papal conclave, Pope Francis had served as both archbishop and cardinal for more than 12 years. The tone of his papacy, which has become admired globally, was established long before his elevation to the church's highest position; however, when he was named to that post, the media quickly picked up on stories of his humility.

News circulated about the fact that he returned to the boarding house where he had been staying to pay his bill personally, rather than send an assistant, and that he would choose to live in a simple two-room apartment rather than the luxurious papal accommodations in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace. In choosing to live more simply, Pope Francis broke a tradition that had been upheld by popes for more than a century. 

Addressing a crowd of tens of thousands in St. Peter's Square, in the Vatican City in Rome, Italy, after his selection by the conclave, Pope Francis stated, "As you know, the duty of the conclave was to appoint a bishop of Rome. It seems to me that my brother cardinals have chosen one who is from far away. . . . Here I am. 

I would like to thank you for your embrace." After the results of the 2013 papal conclave were announced, U.S. President Barack Obama issued a statement about the new pope: "As the first pope from the Americas, his selection also speaks to the strength and vitality of a region that is increasingly shaping our world, and alongside millions of Hispanic Americans,  those of us in the United States share the joy of this historic day."

It was not long after assuming the papacy that Pope Francis began offering more nuanced views and interpretations on key social issues about which the church holds pronounced doctrinal views. He has not shied away from elaborating on those views, and sound bytes such as “Who am I to judge?”, a comment he made referring to homosexuality, have served to portray him as a compassionate conservative whose views are often considered progressive compared to those of his predecessors. 

Despite being named Time magazine’s person of the year in 2013, the new Pope was quick to upset a few people. His first clash was with the Mafia, urging mobsters to pray for forgiveness after a three-year-old girl was shot in the head in southern Italy. Next, he said God is not “A Magician with a Magic Wand”, and declared evolution and the Big Bang theory to be consistent with Catholic beliefs – though it was still his belief that God created humans. Finally, he personally asked for forgiveness for the “evil” of Catholic Church priests who sexually abused children.

POPE AS A SPIRITUAL LEADER

Pope Francis turned to be the most spiritual and world leader in 2013 when he called for others to join him in praying for peace for Syria, which was attended by about 100,00 people. According to the Catholic News Service, Francis told the crowd that "When a man thinks only of himself, permits himself to be captivated by the idols of dominion and power, then the door opens to violence, indifference, and conflict." Francis implored those involved in the conflict to find a peaceful solution saying: "Leave behind the self-interest that hardens your heart, overcome the indifference that makes your heart insensitive towards others, conquer your deadly reasoning, and opens yourself to dialogue and reconciliation."

Francis explained that religious dialogue must be a boarder in scope, not simply focused on such issues as homosexuality and abortion. While he doesn't believe women should be ordained as priests, Francis considers women as an important part of the church. In early December 2013, Francis gave as exploration addressing for big changes in the Catholic Church, including rethinking long-held but antiquated customs. Francis was nominated for the "Nobel Peace Prize" in 2014, but he did not receive this honor.

In 2015, Pope Francis opened the Holy Door marking the way of beginning of the "Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy".

Throughout 2016, the year of his 80th birthday, Pope Francis remained engaged with the modern age and outspoken on world events and current affairs. On a visit to Mexico in February, he made thinly-veiled comments against the then-presidential candidate Donald Trump's proposals for border controls and tighter immigration. "A person who thinks only about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not Christian," the pontiff said. "This is not the gospel." He also cautioned against "Social Walls" and "False Prophets" four days before the election. 

Pope Francis "A Man of His Word" debuted at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival. The documentary, written and directed by Wim Wenders, shows the Pope's "work of reform and his answers to today’s global questions from death, social justice, immigration, ecology, wealth inequality, materialism, and the role of the family." A co-production with the Vatican, the film also follows the Pope on his journeys around to world to places like the World Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem and Ground Zero to the Holy Land and Africa. Pope Francis is also an "Environmental Activist", where he spoke out about the warnings of the dangers of climate change.  

HOW IS POPE FRANCIS'S PERSONAL LIFE?

Pope Francis as a young seminarian, had felt in love in with a girl, who was also one of the members of a group of his friends however due to the religious vocation he had no choice rather let her go.

After he became the pope he had no relationship with anyone. However, there is a rumor about him of being married and widowed before he got elected as a pope.

WHAT IS THE NET WORTH OF POPE FRANCIS?

The first American Catholic priest, Pope Francis through his spiritual, leadership and love for others has been the most important personality of America.

Pope Francis's net worth is not exactly identified but whole church net worth is more than $400 billion, more about that could be found in Celebrity's net worth.

Did You Know?

  • Pope has a girlfriend, he loves the tango, and at one point he worked as a bouncer.
  • Pope Francis was nominated for the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • He speaks Italian, German and Spanish fluently, in addition to a smattering of English, French and Portuguese. He can also speak a bit of the Piedmontese dialect too.
  • He is a fan of the tango. "I love to tango and I used to dance when I was young," he told Francesca Ambrogetti and Sergio Rubin, the authors of his 2010 biography El Jesuita.
  • He is the co-author of "Sobre el Cielo y la Tierra (On Heaven and Earth)", which can be purchased for Kindle.
  • He worked as a bouncer in a Buenos Aires bar to earn money as a student.

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